Research

AUDITING FRAUD

Judging by the reaction to Rob’s report, AUDITING FRAUD: Relationship Problems, there are clearly a lot of nervous holders of VIPShop (VIPS US). The company scored worst in Asia under our red flag scoring system. Some flags can be explained away, such as an apparently low depreciation charge (due to work-in-progress), but others cannot. For example, debt churn is alarmingly high. We suspect this is linked to the factoring of its suppliers’ receivables. But why is VIPS underwriting its suppliers’ balance sheets AND losing money in doing so? Then, of course, the purchase of goods from related parties has risen…
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Insights

TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

AVOID/SELL: A scandal too far

Gillem Tulloch · 21 February 2019

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has lost eight directors and a CFO in less than a year. Predictably, the company is playing down these departures. TCM has a troubled history. The original business had a disappointing US listing and was subsequently privatised; it gained its current Hong Kong listing through a reverse takeover, circumventing regulatory scrutiny. Financials are problematic owing to poor working capital, possible cost capitalisation and fraud-like traits. Furthermore, acquisitions from related parties, including the current MD, raise additional governance issues. Given these concerns, we recommend investors AVOID/SELL. The possibility of a major corporate governance event, such as the…
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PINDUODUO (PDD US)

AVOID/SHORT: Risks rise from surprise fund raising

Mark Webb · 12 February 2019

PDD’s surprise announcement of a secondary share offering in the middle of Chinese New Year is not just surprising but has a whiff of desperation about it. Fund raising during a public holiday and so soon after its IPO is a concern. At best, it’s an opportunistic measure to raise cash it doesn’t need. Other explanations are more problematic; disclosure in the accompanying prospectus suggests underlying profitability and cash generation may be even weaker than headline figures suggest. The revelation that new revenue recognition rules will be applied a year earlier than previously thought may also have encouraged PDD to…
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NEW DOGS, OLD TRICKS 

Frauds in 2018

Mark Webb · 30 January 2019

Accounting irregularities and alleged frauds led to some spectacular share price declines in 2018. Allegations were confirmed at seven companies globally, with claims made against a further 11 Asian companies, leading to an average share price decline of 40%. The most frequent fraud involved faking revenues and profits with the evidence hidden as cash or other current assets. Meanwhile, the inflation of profits through the abuse of acquisition accounting is an increasingly common occurrence. Our Accounting & Governance Screen successfully identified problems at targeted companies, and we highlight those with similar characteristics within this report. Transactions with connected but off…
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